Chelmsford TUC

History

A Snapshot of Trade Union Events

The year shown for organisations is that of their establishment.
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In Labour there is Profit

1799

Following the growth of local and regional trade unions, many of which took the form of a friendly society, the first Combination Act is approved by Parliament to suppress trade unions.

The London Corresponding Society, the first distinctive working-class political organisation in British history, established in 1792, is suppressed.

1804

Forty thousand Scottish weavers begin their lengthy strike to improve pay scales.

1809

Friendly Society of Ironfounders.

1810

North-east England miners’ strike.

1811

Luddite machine-breaking begins.

1812

Scottish weavers’ general strike.

1816

South Wales miners’ and iron-workers’ strike.

1818

Massive strikes by the Lancashire spinners and the first attempt to form a General Union of Trades.

Scottish miners’ strike.

1819

Peterloo Massacre in Manchester; during a peaceful demonstration of approximately 150,000 people in support of greater democracy, the franchise, repeal of the Corn Laws and opposition to the Combination Acts, eleven people are killed, including a woman and child, and approximately 400 injured, by soldiers and yeomanry.

1824

London Shipwrights’ Association.

Widespread agitation leads to the repeal of the Combination Acts but some restrictions against trade unions remain.

1825

Bradford wool-combers’ strike.

1826

Journeymen Steam-Engine, Machine-makers and Mill Wrights Friendly Society; in 1851 it is the largest of the unions that come together to form the Amalgamated Society of Engineers.

Friendly Society of Mechanics.

Repeated strikes by Lancashire cotton spinners against harsh conditions, poverty and for trade union recognition.

1827

General Union of Carpenters and Joiners (The oldest union to form Chelmsford Trades Union Council in 1899); it forms the Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers in 1921. Today it is known as the Union of Construction, Allied Trades and Technicians.

1829

Grand General Union of the United Kingdom.

1830

National Association for the Protection of Labour.

1831

Friendly Society of Stonemasons.

A revolt by miners and ironworkers in Wales is put down by troops; its leader, Dic Penderyn, is hanged.

1832

Operative Builders’ Union - the first national industrial trade union.

Operative Federation of Plasterers.

National Union of Operative Potters; formed in 1830 as the China and Earthenware Turners’ Society,. It became the Ceramic and Allied Trades Union and changed its name to Unity in 2006.

1833

Co-operative and Trades Union Congress.

Friendly Society of Engineers.

Amalgamated Union of Cabinetmakers; it joins the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners in 1918.

Builders’ Union Congress.

Grand National Consolidated Union (women’s trade union branches are introduced but the union collapses in 1834).

1834

United Society of Boilermakers.

Tobacco Workers’ Union.

United Kingdom Society of Coachmakers established after a nine-month bitter strike.

Strikes take place throughout the nation for better pay and union recognition. A lengthy dispute takes place at Derby by workers who refuse to give up their union membership.

Six Dorchester labourer’s, the "Tolpuddle Martyrs" are sentenced to seven years’ in Australia for administering an “unlawful oath” when enrolling colleagues to their Friendly Society of Agricultural Labourers. Three years later, following massive public and trade union demonstrations, their release is secured but they did not return to England until 1838. They reside for a period in Ongar, Essex, near Chelmsford.

1839

Locomotive Steam Engine and Firemen’s Friendly Society.

Chartist uprising at Newport results in results in a number being killed and the three leaders being transported for life.

1841

Miners’ Association of Great Britain and Ireland.

1842

Lengthy industrial disputes lead to political demands for "The Charter". Signed by 3,317,702 people it is over six miles long. The Charter calls for manhood suffrage, the vote by ballot, annual parliaments, payment of Members of Parliament, equal electoral districts, abolition of property qualifications for Members of Parliament. At the end of the strike 1,500 people are sent to prison and 79 are transported to Australia.

1844

United Machine Workers’ Association (it joins the Amalgamated Society of Engineers after the First World War). Miners’ Association of Great Britain and Ireland.

1845

National Typographical Society; formed from an amalgamation of local societies.

National Association of United Trades.

1847

Journeymen Bakers; it later becomes the Bakers, Food and Allied Workers’ Union.

1848

Liverpool Trades Council.

Society of Operative Bricklayers; a foundation member of Chelmsford Trades Council.

1849

Educational Institute of Scotland.

Glass Makers’ Society.

1851

Amalgamated Society of Engineers; a foundation member of Chelmsford Trades Council.

1852

Lock-out of Amalgamated Society of Engineers which lasts for three months.

1853

Amalgamated Association of Cotton Spinners.

1857

Associated Blacksmiths, Forge and Smithy Workers’ Society.

Welsh miners’ coal strike.

1858

Glasgow Trades Council.

1859

National Winding and General Engineers’ Society (it joins the TGWU in 1935).

London building workers’ strike for a nine-hour day which results in a lock-out from July to April 1860.

1860

London Trades Council.

Sixty small trade unions form the Amalgamated Society of Journeyman Tailors.

London Operative Tailors’ Association.

National Association of Operative Plasterers; in 1968 it joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Amalgamated Society of Tin Plate Workers, formed originally in 1798 as the Friendly Society of Tin Plate Workers.

Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners; it amalgamated with the General Union of Carpenters and Joiners in 1921 to form the Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers.

1861

The Trades Newspaper Company publishes the Beehive - it later becomes the official organ of the London Trades Council.

Associated Carpenters and Joiners of Scotland; it later joins the Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers.

1862

National Association of Ironworkers; in 1868 it became the Amalgamated Malleable Ironworkers.

Trade unions establish the Manhood Suffrage and Vote by Ballot Association.

1863

Miners’ National Association.

Associated Ironworkers of Great Britain and Ireland.

1864

Massive demonstrations take place by trade unionists to welcome Garibaldi, the architect of Italian liberation.

1865

Following pressure by trade unionists and their allies, some working men gain the right to vote.

United Operative Plumbers’ Association of Great Britain and Ireland; in 1946 it becomes the Plumbing Trades Union and joins the Electrical Trades Union in 1968.

1866

Manchester Trades Council.

Edinburgh Trades Council.

Railway Guards, Signalmen and Switchmen’s Society of the United Kingdom.

Engine Drivers and Firemen’s United Society.

United Framework Knitters’ Society.

Sheffield strike and lock-out. Wolverhamption Trades Council proposes that a conference be held in Sheffield to unite all trade unionists and to support their Sheffield colleagues; the conference is one of the largest ever attended by trade union organisations. During the lock-out there are attacks on non-trade unionists which delay unity; the attacks provoke uproar and the strike becomes known as the ’Sheffield Outrages.

1867

Sheffield Trades Council.

Royal Commission on Trade Unions.

Trade unionists continue to demonstrate in support of political reform.

London Working Men’s Association.

1868

Aberdeen Trades Council.

Amalgamated Ironworkers’ Association.

After Manchester and Salford Trades Council calls for a national trades union organisation, thirty-four delegates representing 118,000 trade unionists attend the inaugural meeting of the Trades Union Congress.

1869

Labour Representation League.

TUC establishes its Parliamentary Committee.

Four people killed and twenty-six wounded after troops fire on demonstrating miners.

TUC gives its support to the International Working Men’s Association.

1870

National Union of Elementary Teachers; in 1888 it becomes the National Union of Teachers.

Amalgamated Association of Operative Cotton Spinners.

1871

Watermen, Lightermen, Tugmen and Bargemen’s Union.

Nut and Bolt Makers’ Association; in 1877 it became the National Amalgamated Association of Nut and Bolt Makers.

Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants.

A strike by the Amalgamated Society of Engineers in North-East England is followed by widespread strikes for a nine-hour working day.

Trade Union Act and the Criminal Law Amendment Act; although strike action is not unlawful, in practice strike leaders and strikers remain in conflict with the law.

South Wales miners’ strike.

1872

National Agricultural Labourers’ Union.

Amalgamated Stevedores’ Labour Protection League; it becomes the National Amalgamated Stevedores’ and Dockers’ Union in 1932 and in 1982 it transfers its engagements to the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Barge Builders’ Union.

Amalgamated Society of Brassworkers.

Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants.

National Union of Case Makers (Wood and Tin) Boxmakers, Sawyers and Mill Workers; it later joins the Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers.

National Society of Metal Mechanics.

Card Setting Machine Tenters Society

1873

National Union of Boot and Shoe Operatives. In 1971, along with others, it forms the National Union of Footwear, Leather and Allied Trades.

1874

Women’s Protective and Provident League; it becomes the Women’s Trade Union League in 1889.

The first trade union MPs are elected to the House of Commons.

1875

A massive demonstration greets five members of the Alliance Cabinet Makers’ Association on their release from prison after being sentenced for peaceful picketing. Following a campaign, a new law, the Conspiracy and Property Act (1875) permits peaceful picketing. .

1879

North of England Sailors’ and Seagoing Firemen’s Friendly Society.

1880

Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen.

Amalgamated Society of Lithographic Printers.

Amalgamated Association of Operative Cotton Spinners of Lancashire and Cheshire.

Bolton and District Operative Cotton Spinners’ Association.

United Pointsmen’s and Signalmen’s Society.

1881

Postal and Telegraph Clerks’ Association.

General Union of Textile Workers.

1882

National Amalgamated Society of General Toolmakers, Engineers and Machinists.

1884

Amalgamated Weavers’ Association.

Society of Grain Millers; in 1917 it joins the Workers’ Union.

Association of Assistant Mistresses.

1885

Amalgamated Association of Card and Blowing Room Operatives; the union starts to recruit women which leads the way for others to do likewise in the industry.

General Union of Loom Overlookers.

TUC proposes equal pay for men and women.

1886

Postal Clerks’ Association.

British Steel Smelters’ Association.

United Textile Factory Workers’ Association.

Amalgamated Society of Painters and Decorators; it is a foundation member of Chelmsford Trades Council and eventually joins the Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers.

1887

Tea Operatives’ and General Labourers’ Union.

National Amalgamated Sailors’ and Firemen’s Union of Great Britain and Ireland.

Postal Telegraph Linesmen’s Association.

United Textile Factory Workers’ Association.

1888

London County Council Employees’ Association.

Women employed at Bryant and May, London, take strike action against appalling working conditions

"Bloody Sunday" - Trade unionists demonstrate in Trafalgar Square in defiance of the Government; troops are used to disperse the rally.

1889

The Dock, Wharf, Riverside and General Labourers’ Union which also embraces the Tea Operatives’ Union - women’s branches and women’s organisers are introduced.

National Union of Gasworkers’ and General Labourers - a women’s branch is opened.

General Railway Workers’ Union.

Miners’ Federation of Great Britain.

National Amalgamated Union of Enginemen, Firemen, Motormen, Mechanics and Electrical Workers; it later joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

United Builders’ Labourers Union; a foundation member of Chelmsford Trades Council.

National Amalgamated Union of Labour.

National Amalgamated Lock, Latch and Keysmiths’ Trades Society; it becomes the National Amalgamated Lockmakers’ Society in 1920 and is now known as the National Union of Lock and Metal Workers.

Electrical Trades Union.

Amalgamated Association of Tramway and Hackney Carriage Employee; it is renamed the Amalgamated Association of Tramway and Vehicle Workers in 1902. It merged with the London and Provincial Union of Licensed Vehicle Workers in 1920 to become the United Vehicle Workers. Two years later it joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

London dock strike - the ’Docker’s Tanner’. One of the most important strikes in British history, it lasts for a month with the dockers emerging victorious.

The National Union of Gasworkers’ and General Labourers’ Union becomes the first union to win an eight-hour day.

1890

The Clerks’ Union; later the National Union of Clerks and then, in 1920, it becomes the National Union of Clerks and Administrative Workers.

Printers’ Labourers’ Union.

Federation of Engineering and Shipbuilding Trades.

National Union of Stove and Grate Workers; it became the National Union of Domestic Appliances and General Metal Workers in 1975 and in 1986 it changed its name to the National Union of Domestic Appliances and General Operatives.

UK Theatrical and Music Hall Operatives’ Union.

National Union of Domestic Appliances and General Operatives

First London May Day demonstration.

1891

Shop Assistants’ Union.

National Union of Vehicle Workers.

Association of Assistant Masters in Secondary Schools.

1892

Association of Tax Clerks.

Printing and Kindred Trades Federation.

1893

Musicians’ Union.

The TUC has 226 affiliated trade unions composed of 900,000 members.

National lock-out of coal miners.

1894

London Cabdrivers’ Trade Union; the union joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union at its formation.

Municipal Employees’ Union.

The Society of Trained Masseuses; after amalgamation and a further name change it becomes the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy in 1942 and is registered as a trade union in 1976.

1895

Amalgamated Union of Co-operative Employees.

1896

International Federation of Ship, Dock and River Workers established in London (renamed the [International Transport Workers’ Federation in 1898).

1897

Railway Telegraph Clerks’ Association (it joins the Railway Clerks’ Association in 1911).

First professional footballer’s union; it is reformed in 1907.

Lock-out of engineers.

1898

Workers’ Union.

South Wales Miners’ Federation.

Scottish Carters’ Association; it later became the Scottish Commercial Motorman’s Union and joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Scottish Horse and Motormen’s Association; it joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

1899

General Federation of Trade Unions.

National Association of General Railway Clerks renamed Railway Clerks’ Association in 1899; it becomes the Transport Salaried Staffs’ Association in 1951.

National League of the Blind.

The Associated Society of Railway Servants carries a motion at the TUC calling for a special conference of trade unions, co-operative societies and socialist organisations to consider means of increasing labour representation in Parliament. The Labour Representation Committee is established in 1900 and is renamed the Labour Party in 1906.

1901

International Federation of Trade Unions.

National Amalgamated Furnishing Trades Association.

A court awards the Taff Vale Railway Company £23,000 damages against the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants. This, in effect, overturns the legal rights of trade unions which were established under the Acts of 1871-1876, and makes strikes for all practical purposes illegal. This ruling leads to many trade unions affiliating to the Labour Party in order to have the law changed.

1902

Nine week strike by the National Amalgamated Lock, Latch and Keysmiths’ Trades Society.

1903

Assistant Clerks’ Association; following a series of amalgamations the Civil Service Clerical Association is formed in 1922. It is later renamed the Civil and Public Services Association.

1904

Association of Teachers in Technical Institutions.

1905

National Association of Local Government Officers.

1906

National Federation of Women Workers.

The Trades Disputes Act absolves trade unions from any legal responsibility for civil damages in respect of actions by their members or officials in furtherance of a trade dispute. It also ensures the legality of picketing - reversing the Taff Vale decision.

March from Liverpool to London to demand the right to work

1907

National Union of Journalists.

National Union of Corporation Workers; it becomes the National Union of Public Employees in 1928.

National railway strike.

The TUC has 236 affiliated trade unions composed of 1,700,000 members.

1909

Cooks’ and Stewards’ Union.

Osborne Judgement - The House of Lords rules that a member of a trade union can restrain the union from levying its members or using its funds to support the Labour Party or Members of Parliament.

1910

Transport Workers’ Federation unites sixteen trade unions in the sea-going, water and road transport industries.

General Federation of Colliery Deputies Association.

Confederation of Health Service Employees.

1911

British Seafarers’ Union.

Scottish Union of Dock Labourers.

London dock strike.

The first national railway strike leads to martial law in some parts of the country; two workers are shot in Llanelli.

London Society of Compositors takes strike action and launches the Daily Herald.

1912

The United Garment Workers’ Union is formed from the:

- Amalgamated Society of Journeymen Tailors,
- Amalgamated Union of Clothiers’ Operatives
- Amalgamated Jewish Tailors,
- Pressers and Machinists’ Trade Union,
- London Clothiers Cutters,
- The Shirt, Jacket and Overall Workers,
- The Belfast Shirt and Collar Workers.

They were later joined by the:

- Scottish National Association of Operative Tailors,
- London Operative Tailors,
- Amalgamated Society of Tailors and Tailoresses.

Miners’ strike.

London transport strike.

TUC publishes the Daily Citizen after withdrawing its support for the more militant Daily Herald.

1913

National Union of Police and Prison Officers.

Association of Engineering and Shipbuilding Draughtsmen: it later becomes DATA - the Draughtsmen and Allied Technicians Union. In the 1970s it operated within a federal structure of the Amalgamated Union of Engineering Workers as its Technical, Administrative and Supervisory Section. TASS departed from the Engineers and in the 1980s five craft unions merged with TASS to form the basis of the Manufacturing, Science and Finance’s (MSF) craft sector.

National Union of Railwaymen established by the Associated Society of Railway Servants, the General Railway Workers’ Union and the United Pointsmen and Signalmen.

Association for Electrical Station Engineers; renamed the Electrical Power Engineers’ Association in 1918 and the Engineers’ and Managers’ Association in 1993.

Trade Union Act - political funds established.

Trade unionists give support to their colleagues in Dublin during a lock-out of the Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union. It proves to be one of the most vicious and bloody disputes in British history.

London taxi drivers’ strike.

1914

Triple Alliance established by the National Union of Railwaymen, the Miners’ Federation and the Transport Workers’ Federation with a view to mutual assistance during strikes.

In support of their teachers Burston schoolchildren take strike action which lasts until 1939. It is the longest strike in the history of the Working Class Movement and considerable assistance was provided by the Agricultural Workers’ Union and the National Union of Teachers. The event is marked with a rally every September.

Screw, Nut Bolt and Rivet Trade Society. (Changed its name in 1974, then in 1989 to Engineering and Fastner Trade Union). Ceased to exist in 2004.

1915

Following massive strikes by engineers on the Clyde, a Shop Stewards’ Movement is formed spreading rapidly throughout the nation.

1916

National Shop Stewards’ and Workers’ Committee Movement.

National Joint Committee of Industrial Women’s Organisations.

1917

National Association of Co-operative Officials.

Iron and Steel Trades Confederation.

Bank Officers’ Guild - later called the National Union of Bank Employees.

Whitley Report published leading to greater consultation and an extension of national collective bargaining in some industries.

Engineering strikes.

Leeds Convention which has the objective of establishing Workers’ and Soldiers’ Councils.

National Union of Operative Potters is renamed the National Society of Pottery Workers; it retains this title until 1970.

1918

National Federation of Building Trades Operatives.

The Institution of Professional Civil Servants.

Association of Scientific Workers.

Firemen’s Trade Union.

Police strike.

1919

Association of First Division Civil Servants.

Association of University Teachers.

National Association of Schoolmasters.

Association of Building Technicians; it eventually joins the Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers.

The United Kingdom Society of Coachmakers, the London and Provincial Coachmakers, the Operative Coachmakers’ Federal Union and the Coachsmiths and Vicemen’s Trade Society amalgamate to form the National Union of Vehicle Builders. In 1972 it merged with the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Strikes take place throughout the UK, particularly on Clydeside and in Belfast. Lancashire cotton workers and the railway workers also take strike action. Following a police strike the National Union of Police and Prison Officers is disbanded by the Home Secretary.

The TUC has 266 affiliated trade unions composed of 5,283,676 members.

1920

Amalgamated Engineering Union.

National Federation of Professional Workers.

Builders’ Labourers and Constructional Workers’ Society (joins the TGWU in 1934).

London dockers refuse to handle guns and ammunition to be used against the Soviet Union.

1921

Transport and General Workers’ Union formed from fourteen unions in the docks, water and transport industries. By the end of 1922 the following have joined:-

- Amalgamated Society of Watermen, Lightermen and Bargemen,
- Amalgamated Carters, Lorrymen and Motormen’s Union,
- Amalgamated Association of Carters and Motormen,
- Associated Horsemen’s Union,
- Dock, Wharf, Riverside and General Workers’ Union,
- Labour Protection League,
- National Amalgamated Labourers’ Union,
- National Union of Docks, Wharves and Shipping Staffs,
- National Union of Ships’ Clerks, Grain Weighers and Coalmeters,
- National Union of Vehicle Workers,
- National Amalgamated Coal Workers’ Union,
- National Union of Dock, Riverside and General Workers,
- National Union of British Fishermen,
- North of England Trimmers’ and Teemers Association,
- North of Scotland Horse and Motormen’s Association,
- United Vehicle Workers,
- Belfast Breadservers’ Association,
- Greenock Sugar Porters’ Association,

The General Union of Carpenters and Joiners and the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners form the Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers.

Amalgamated Union of Building Trade Workers; it later joins the Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers.

National Union of Distributive and Allied Trades is formed by an amalgamation of unions within the retail industry.

Lock-out of cotton workers.

Miners’ strike; on what becomes known as ’Black Friday’ the Triple Alliance cancels a strike in support of the miners.

1922

Amalgamated Marine Workers’ Union established from a merger of the Cooks’ and Stewards Union and the British Seafarers’ Union; it collapsed in 1927.

Lock-out of engineering workers.

TUC acquires the Daily Herald.

First Hunger March organised by the National Unemployed Workers’ Movement.

1923

The following join the Transport and General Workers’ Union:-

- Dundee Jute and Flax Stowers’ Association,
- North Wales Craftsmen and General Workers’ Union,
- North Wales Quarrymen’s Union,
- Scottish Union of Dock Labourers,

1924

General and Municipal Workers’ Union formed from the Gasworkers’ and General Labourers’ Union, the National Federation of Women Workers, National Amalgamated Union of Labour and the Municipal Employees’ Association. After many more amalgamations it becomes the GMB in 1989.

Constructional Engineering Union.

The United Order of General Labourers joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Britannic Field Staff Association.

1925

The Association of Coastwise Masters, Mates and Engineers join the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

’Red Friday’ - united trade union action forces the Government and mine owners to retreat.

1926

The National Amalgamated Union of Enginemen, Firemen, Motormen, Mechanics and Electrical Workers forges a link with the Transport and General Workers Union and finally amalgamated in 1968. The Weaver Watermen’s Association and the Irish Mental Hospital Workers’ Union join the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Lockout of coal miners results in a General Strike which lasts from 4-12th May when the TUC General Council calls off its action. The miners continue their strike until the end of November when hunger forces a return to work.

International Federation of Journalists. Relaunched in 1946 and again, in its present form, in 1952.

1927

Film Artistes Association; it joins the Broadcasting, Entertainment, Cinematograph and Theatre Union in 1995.

In revenge for the General Strike, Parliament approves the Trade Unions and Trade Disputes Act which imposes harsh terms against trade unions; this Act remains in force until 1946.

1928

Society of Radiographers.

The Cumberland Enginemen, Boilermen and Electrical Workers’ Union joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Mond Turner talks begin influencing relationships between trade unions and employers’ organisations for many years.

1929

The Workers’ Union joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Second Hunger March organised by the National Unemployed Workers’ Movement.

The first General Election with full adult suffrage.

1930

British Actors’ Equity Association.

The Belfast Operative Bakers’ Union, the Northern Ireland Textile Workers’ Union, and the London Co-operative Mutuality Club Collectors’ Association join the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Firemen’s Trade Union is renamed the Fire Brigades’ Union.

Third Hunger March organised by the National Unemployed Workers’ Movement.

1931

The Amalgamated Society of Tailors joins the London Society of Tailors and Tailoresses to become the National Union of Tailors and Garment Workers. The United Ladies Tailors (London) and the Waterproof Garment Workers’ Union join later.

1932

Fourth Hunger March - against the Means Test - organised by the National Unemployed Workers’ Movement.

1933

Association of Cinematograph Technicians.

The National Union of Co-operative Insurance Society Employees, the Portadown Textile Workers’ Union, and the Scottish Farm Servants’ Association join the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

TUC organises national demonstrations against unemployment.

1934

The Scottish Busmen’s Union and the "Altogether" Builders’ Labourers and Constructional Workers’ Society join the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Fifth Hunger March organised by the National Unemployed Workers’ Movement.

1935

The National Winding and General Engineers’ Society joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

1936

British Dietetic Association.

Inland Revenue Staff Federation.

The Electricity Supply Staff Association (Dublin), and the Halifax and District Carters’ and Motormen’s Association join the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Jarrow Hunger March.

Sixth Hunger March organised by the National Unemployed Workers’ Movement.

1937

British Air Line Pilots’ Association.

The Power Loom Tenters’ Trade Union of Ireland, the Belfast Journeymen Butchers’ Association, and the Scottish Seafishers’ Union join the Transport and General Workers’ Union. With 650,000 members, it has overtaken the Miners’ Federation to become the largest union in the world.

Bus workers take strike action throughout Britain.

Engineering apprentices take action notably on the Clyde, in Lancashire and the Midlands.

1938

Club Leaders’ Association; it becomes the Community and Youth Workers’ Union in 1971.

The Humber Amalgamated Steam Trawlers’ Engineers, and Firemen’s Union, and the Imperial War Graves Commission Staff Association join the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

1939

Prison Officers’ Association.

The Port of London Deal Porters’ Union and the North of England Engineers’ and Firemen’s Amalgamation join the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

1940

The National Glass Workers’ Trade Protection Association, the Radcliffe and District Enginemen and Boilermen’s Provident Society, and the National Glass Bottle Makers’ Society join the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

The Association of Women Clerks and Secretaries joins the National Union of Clerks and Administrative Workers to form the Clerical and Administrative Workers’ Union. In 1972 it becomes the Professional, Executive, Clerical and Computer Staff.

Compulsory arbitration introduced and strikes banned under Order 1305; however some strikes do take place during the war, including within the mining industry. The order remains in force for several years after hostilities are terminated in 1945.

Yorshire Association of Colliery Officials and Staff. It later became the British Association of Colliery Officials and Staff and then, in 1947, the British Association of Colliery Management.

1941

Anglo-Soviet Trade Union Committee.

1942

The Liverpool Pilots’ Association joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

1943

The Manchester Ship Canal Pilots’ Association joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Amalgamated Engineering Union admits women to its ranks; approximately 130,000 join before the end of the year.

Association of Teachers in Colleges and Departments of Education.

1944

The Grangemouth Pilots’ Association joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

1945

BBC Staff Association formed from a merger of staff associations. It became the Association of Broadcasting Staff in 1956. In 1974 it became the Association of Broadcasting and Allied Staffs.

Society of Chiropodists; in 1993 it becomes the Society of Chiropodists and Podiatrists.

The Leith and Granston Pilots, the Dundee Pilots, and the Methil Pilots join the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

The Miners’ Federation of Great Britain becomes the National Union of Mineworkers.

Widespread dockers’ strikes.

1946

The National Union of Foundry Workers, the Ironfounding Workers’ Association and the United Metal Founders’ Society form the Amalgamated Union of Foundry Workers; it joins the Amalgamated Engineering Union in 1967 to form the Amalgamated Union of Engineering and Foundry Workers.

National Union of Bank Employees established from an amalgamation of the National Officers Bank Guild and the Scottish Bankers’ Association; it became the Banking, Insurance and Finance Union in 1979.

The Government Civil Employees’ Association joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

1947

The Union of Shop, Distributive and Allied Workers is established by an amalgamation of the National Union of Shop, Distributive and Allied Workers and the National Amalgamated Union of Shop Assistants, Warehousemen and Clerks.

The Liverpool and District Carters’ and Motormen’s Union joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

National Union of Furniture Trade Operatives.

1948

Regional Hospital Consultants and Specialists Association; it dropped "Regional" from its title in 1974.

TUC supports voluntary wage restraint.

London and Liverpool dockers’ strike.

1950

TUC rejects wage restraint and calls for statutory control of profits.

1951

The Lurgan Hemmers’ Veiners’ and General Workers’ Union, the United Cut Nail Makers of Great Britain Protection Society join the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Liverpool and London dockers’ strike.

1954

During its Annual Conference at Southend, the Fire Brigades’ Union becomes the first trade union to demonstrate against nuclear arms.

1955

National newspaper and railway strikes.

1956

TUC rejects wage restraint.

1957

The Amalgamated Engineering Union holds a national shipbuilding strike.

1958

London bus strike.

1959

Screen Writers’ Guild; in 1964 it becomes The Writers’ Guild of Great Britain; the Theatre Writers’ Union joins the Writers’ Guild in 1997.

1960

The TUC sells the Daily Herald to Odham’s Press and is freed from its obligation to support Labour and the TUC; it becomes the Sun when it joins the International Publishing Corporation in 1964.

1961

TUC supports entry negotiations into the European Economic Community.

The Scottish Textile Workers’ Union joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

1962

Association of Educational Psychologists.

1963

National Graphical Association formed from the Typographical Association and the London Typographical Association.

The Associated Blacksmiths, Forge and Smithy Workers Society, the Shipwrights’ Association and the United Society of Boilermakers form the Amalgamated Society of Boilermakers, Shipwrights, Blacksmiths and Structural Workers. It joins the General and Municipal Workers in 1982 to become the General Municipal, Boilermakers Allied Trade Union.

The Gibraltar Confederation of Labour and the Gilbraltar Apprentices and Ex-Apprentices Union, Gibraltar Labour Trades Union joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

1965

Union of Women Teachers.

North of Ireland Operative Butchers’ and Allied Workers’ Association joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

The TUC accepts responsibility for operating an incomes policy and then approves a Prices and Incomes Policy. National Board for Prices and Incomes established.

Royal Commission on Trade Unions is established.

1966

The TUC General Council approves a wage freeze which is supported by Congress.

The National Society of Operative Printers and Assistants and the National Union of Printing, Book Binding and Paper Workers amalgamate to form the Society of Graphical and Allied Trades.

The United Fishermen’s Union joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

National Union of Seamen strike for higher pay and a forty-hour week.

1967

The Cardiff, Penarth and Barry Coal Trimmers’ Union joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Guinness UDV Staff Association; it became independent in 1978.

The TUC opposes wage restraint.

Dock strikes in London and Liverpool.

1968

The National Association of Operative Plasterers, and the Scottish Slaters, Tilers, Roofers and Cement Workers’ Society join the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

The Plumbing Trades Union (formed as the United Plumbers’ Association in 1865) amalgamates with the Electrical Trades Union to form the Electrical, Electronic, Telecommunications Union - Plumbing Trade Union.

The TUC celebrates its centenary and rejects a statutory incomes policy. It also reaffirms its demand for equal pay for women.

The TUC’s affiliated membership is 8,725,604 representing 160 trade unions.

The Royal Commission on Trade Unions reports and points to the growth of unofficial strikes. It calls for a move away from centralised wage bargaining and a Commission on Industrial Relations to investigate labour problems.

Women machinists strike at Ford Motor Company.

1969

The Association of Scientific Workers amalgamates with the Association of Supervisory Staffs, Executives and Technicians (formerly the National Foremen’s Association), to form the Association of Scientific, Technical and Management Staffs. During its existence over thirty staff associations merged with the ASTMS.

The Society of Telecommunication Engineers and the Telecommunications Traffic Association amalgamate to become the Association of Post Office Executives.

The Amalgamated Society of Foremen Lightermen of River Thames, the Irish Union of Hairdressers and Allied Workers, the Port of Liverpool Staff Association, and the Process and General Workers’ Union join the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

The Society of Technical Civil Servants joins the Institution of Professional Civil Servants. Strike by Ford car workers.

’In Place of Strife’ - the Labour Government’s proposals to regulate trade unionism, is approved by the House of Commons but it is opposed by the TUC.

In response to a call from the Liaison Committee for the Defence of Trade Unions, 100,000 take industrial action on May Day. Government withdraws ’In Place of Strife’ in favour of the TUC’s voluntary approach to industrial disputes.

The largest miners’ strike since 1944 takes place.

1970

The National Society of Pottery Workers becomes the Ceramic and Allied Trades Union.

The Sheffield Amalgamated Union of File Trades joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

The Amalgamated Society of Painters and Decorators and the Association of Building Technicians join the Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers.

The Medical Practitioners’ Union joins the Association of Scientific, Technical and Managerial Staffs.

The Draughtsmen’s and Allied Technicians’ Association joins the Amalgamated Union of Engineering Workers.

In response to a call from the Liaison Committee for the Defence of Trade Unions 750,000 take industrial action against the Industrial Relations Bill.

3,906 strikes take place during the year - the highest since 1945.

1971

The National Union of Boot and Shoe Operatives, the National Union of Glove and Leather Workers, the Amalgamated Society of Leatherworkers and the National Union of Leatherworkers form the National Union of Footwear, Leather and Allied Trades.

The Scottish Commercial Motormen’s Union, the Watermen, Lightermen, Tugmen and Bargemen’s Union, and the Chemical Workers’ Union join the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

The National Union of Furniture Trade Operatives merge with the Amalgamated Society of Woodcutting Machinists to form the Furniture, Timber and Allied Trades Union.

Nationwide Building Society Staff Association.

Anglian Building Society Staff Association.

Community and District Nursing Association.

Post Office workers strike for 47 days.

The TUC instructs its affiliates not to recognise the provisions of the Conservative Government’s Industrial Relations Act and calls for lunch-time demonstrations that could be extended into working hours; a TUC march in London against the Industrial Relations Bill attracts 150,000 - the biggest trade union demonstration in London since the 1926 General Strike. When the TUC holds a special conference in opposition to the Government’s proposals, further strikes are called by the Liaison Committee for the Defence of Trade Unions against the Bill.

The Transport and General Workers’ Union is fined for blacking a container firm. After refusing to attend the Industrial Relations Court, the union is fined £5,000; after refusing to pay the fine a further £50,000 is imposed. This is paid after the TUC General Council changes its position and allows a union to defend itself.

The Amalgamated Union of Engineering Workers holds two one-day strikes against the Bill and refuses a court order to enrol a scab into its ranks; although the union is now permitted to defend itself at the Industrial Relations Court, it refuses to attend and is fined £55,000. Over 750,000 engineers take strike action in protest at the court’s decision.

Following the announcement that Upper Clyde Shipbuilders is to close its yards with the loss of 6,000 jobs, 100,000 take industrial action in Scotland. Later, an occupation of the shipyards takes place and a work-in begins in July and lasts until it ends successfully in February. Support is given by pensioners, the unemployed and many sections of the Trade Union Movement throughout the UK.

1972

The Amalgamated Union of Building Trade Workers joins the Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers to form the Union of Construction, Allied Trades and Technicians.

The National Union of Vehicle Builders, the Scottish Transport and General Workers’ Union (Docks), and the Iron, Steel and Wood Barge Builders and Helpers Association join the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Association of Professional, Executive Clerical and Computer Staff (APEX).

Britannia Staff Union.

The TUC rejects the terms for British entry to the European Economic Community.

National miners’ strike.

The Industrial Relations Court orders railway workers to ballot, following a work to rule, whereupon an overwhelming majority of members vote to take industrial action; as a result the Government settles the dispute on the union’s terms.

Five dockers are arrested and imprisoned in Pentonville for refusing to appear before the Industrial Relations Court over the “blacking” of an East London container depot. However, after 30,000 dockers and other workers throughout the country strike in protest, with many demonstrating outside Pentonville Prison, the Official Solicitor (of whom no-one has heard), quashes the order. The five are eventually sentenced for contempt of court; dockers again take strike action and following the TUC’s call for a one-day strike in their support, they are released by the Official Solicitor.

National dock strike over containerisation.

One hundred and thirty workers employed at Briant Colour Printing in London occupy their factory when faced with one minute’s notice of liquidation. A work-in takes place similar to that at UCS, bringing widespread support; the action lasts for eleven months and ends with the employment of all staff under a new owner.

Building workers in the Union of Construction, Allied Trades and Technicians hold their first official national strike.

1973

European Confederation of Trade Unions

Twenty-four building workers are charged with conspiracy following their strike, with heavy jail sentences being imposed on some of those charged - the ’Shrewsbury 24’; public and trade union pressure secures better conditions and their release on bail pending their appeal.

National gas workers’ strike.

Civil servants take strike action for the first time.

The TUC organises a one-day strike against the Conservative Government’s incomes policy; 1,600,000 participate.

The Industrial Relations Court seizes £100,000 from the Engineering Union for contempt of court; £75,000 of this is taken from the union’s political fund. In protest, thousands of trade unionists demonstrate and take strike action on two separate days.

The National Union of Miners imposes an overtime ban, power workers “go slow”, and railway workers work to rule; the Government uses emergency powers to deal with the crisis. The Amalgamated Society of Locomotive Engineers begins an overtime ban; many areas of industry introduce a three-day week and power supply is restricted.

1974

National Union of Textile and Allied Workers and the Amalgamated Weavers’ Association amalgamate to establish the Amalgamated Textile Workers’ Union.

Union of Bookmakers Employees and the Union of Kodak Workers join the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen hold a series of one-day strikes.

National miner’s strike.

The Industrial Relations Court orders the seizure of all the Engineering Union’s assets because of its continuing contempt of court; the engineering union responds by calling an all-out unlimited strike, the first such call in the union’s history. The crisis ends following the payment of the fine by an anonymous donor.

In response to a ’loyalist’ General Strike in Northern Ireland, Len Murray, General Secretary of the TUC, leads a ’back to work’ march.

The TUC accepts wage restraint coupled with social and economic reform.

The Trade Union and Labour Relations Act abolishes the Industrial Relations Court.

1975

Union of Women Teachers. and the National Association of Schoolmasters amalgamate to form the National Association of Schoolmasters and Union of Women Teachers.

The File Grinders’ Society joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

The European Trade Union Federation of Textiles, Clothing and Leather Workers established in Brussels under the name European Trade Union Committee of Textiles, Clothing and Leather.

1976

Society of Graphical and Allied Trades and the Scottish Graphical Association amalgamate to become the Society of Graphical Trades 75.

The Association of Teachers in Technical Institutions and the Association of Teachers in Colleges and Departments of Education amalgamate to form the National Association of Teachers in Further and Higher Education.

1977

Bradford and Bingley Staffs’ Association; in 2001 it became UBAC representing staff in the Bradford and Bingley Group and Alltel Mortgage Solutions.

British Orthoptic Society.

Strike at Grunwick Processing by members of the Association of Professional, Executive, Clerical and Computer Staffs and the Transport and General Workers’ Union, for better pay and union recognition. Despite widespread support and massive picketing of the factory by trade unionists and MPs in support of the largely immigrant female workforce, the strike is lost after nearly two years.

First national firefighters’ strike; the firefighters do not receive any TUC support, and thousands of troops are used to break the strike. However, during the nine week dispute, the FBU gained the support of millions of trade unionists and members of the public throughout the country, including Chelmsford TUC.

1978

The Association of Assistant Mistresses and the Association of Assistant Masters in Secondary Schools amalgamate to form the Assistant Masters’ and Mistresses’ Association which becomes the Association of Teachers and Lecturers in 1993.

ANSA - the independent union for Abbey National Staff.

Halifax Building Society Staff Association established. It became the Independent Union of Halifax Staff in 1994 and ACCORD in 2002.

The TUC rejects a continuation of the Social Contract; a strike at the Ford car company leads to an agreement which breaches the Government pay guidelines.

Lock-out of workers at Times Newspapers stops production for twelve months.

1979

Woolwich Independent Staff Association; in 2000 it became WISA the union for Woolwich and GHL Staff.

The ’Winter of Discontent’; a petrol tanker drivers’ strike is followed by a strike of other lorry drivers. Industrial action by health workers including ambulance, water and sewage workers, dustmen and grave diggers. Further strikes are held by members of the Civil and Public Services Association. Thanks to Government policy and intransigent management, 29 million working days are lost - the worst year since 1926.

The new Conservative Government introduces the first of several anti-union Bills attacking the Trade Union Movement. These include ending the closed shop, banning secondary picketing, penalties against unions involved in “unlawful industrial action”, compulsory and regular voting on the retention of political funds, and ending legal immunity for a strike without a ballot. Initially, the Labour Party pledges to abolish the Acts when elected.

1980

Iron and Steel Trades Confederation strike.

The TUC holds a “Day of Action” against the Government’s economic and industrial policies.

The TUC’s membership is 12,172,508 representing 109 trade unions.

1981

With unemployment at 8.8% (2,419,000) the TUC holds a March for Jobs.

1982

The Agricultural Workers’ Union joins the Transport and General Workers’ Union.

Workers in the National Health Service take industrial action, which is followed by a TUC Day of Action in their support.

The Amalgamated Society of Boilermakers, Shipwrights, Blacksmiths and Structural Workers join the General and Municipal Workers’ Union to form the General, Municipal, Boilermakers and Allied Trade Union.

1983

Amalgamated Society of Journeymen Felt Hatters and Allied Workers of Great Britain and the Amalgamated Felt Hat Trimmers’, Wool Farmers’ and Allied Workers’ Association join the National Union of Tailors and Garment Workers.

The TUC holds its second March for Jobs.

The National Graphical Association is fined £10,000 for refusing to lift its mass picket outside Eddy Shah’s print works at Warrington. This is followed by a two-day strike of Fleet Street newspapers in protest at the fine. Ten million pounds of the union’s assets are seized for its refusal to lift the picket at Warrington and an injunction is granted against any further Fleet Street solidarity action. A further fine of £525,000 is imposed later.

1984

The Association of Government Supervisors and Radio Operators joins the Institution of Professional Civil Servants.

The Government places a ban on trade unionism at its Communication Headquarters at Cheltenham; this remains until its repeal by a Labour Government in 1997.

In March the National Union of Miners starts a national strike which lasts for twelve months. During the strike the union’s assets are ordered to be seized and heavy fines are imposed. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher called the miners "the enemy within”. The coal strike costs the Government and the National Coal Board £4,600 million and other nationalised industries £2,750 million; 26 million working days are lost.

The Transport and General Workers’ Union is fined £200,000 for not holding a ballot for a strike at Austin Rover.

Industrial action by teachers’ unions for improved pay continues throughout 1985.

1985

The Association of Broadcasting Staff and the National Association of Theatrical, Television and Kine Employees amalgamate to form the Broadcasting and Entertainment Trades Alliance.

The Foundry section and the Construction section of the Amalgamated Union of Engineers transfer engagements to the Engineering Section to form the Amalgamated Union of Engineering Workers.

The National Union of Blastfurnacemen, Ore Miners, Coke Workers and Kindred Trades joins the Iron and Steel Trades Confederation.

The Post Office Engineering Union and the Civil and Public Services Association merge to become the National Communications Union.

The National Union of Marine, Aviation and Shipping Transport Officers is established from a merger between the Merchant Navy and Airline Officers’ Association, the Radio and Electronic Officers’ Union and the Mercantile Marine Service Association.

1986

The National Society of Metal Mechanics and the Tobacco Workers’ Union join the Technical, Administrative and Supervisory Section of the Amalgamated Union of Engineering Workers (TASS).

Ruport Murdoch moves his printing plant from Central London to Wapping after dismissing 5,000 employees for refusing to sign a no-strike contract. Members of the National Graphical Association and the Society of General and Allied Trades take industrial action but members of the Electricians Union undertake to do their work. The strike continues until March 1987.

1987

Association for College Management.

1988

The Civil Service Union and the Society of Public Servants merge to form the National Union of Civil and Public Servants.

The Association of Scientific, Technical and Managerial Staffs and the Technical, Administrative and Supervisory Staffs (TASS) merge to form MSF - the Manufacturing, Science and Finance Union.

1989

The General, Municipal, Boilermakers and Allied Trade Union renamed GMB.

The Association of Professional, Executive Clerical and Computer Staff, and the Greater London Staff Association join the GMB. APEX later accepts the Transfer of Engagements of the Automobile Association Staff and the General Accident Staff. Since the amalgamation, the Greater London Staff Association, who earlier transferred to GMB, the APEX Partnership and the National Union of Labour Organisers and Legal Aid Staff Association have also transferred to The Association of Professional, Executive Clerical and Computer Staff.

Other unions that have joined the GMB since 1924 include the:

- National Union of Water Works Employees,
- Scottish Metalworkers’ Union,
- Salt and Chemical Workers’ Union,
- Manchester Warehouse Employees’ Association,
- Rubber, Plastics and Allied Workers’ Union,
- Scottish Professional Footballers’ Association,
- Coopers and Allied Workers of GB,
- Amalgamated Textile Workers,
- Scottish Lace and Textile Workers’ Union,

The Professional Civil Servants changes its name to the Institution of Professionals Managers and Specialists to reflect the increasing proportion of its members outside the civil service following privatisation.

A lengthy strike by the National Union of Seamen at P&O Dover continues into 1990.

1990

The National Union of Seamen and the National Union of Railwaymen form the National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers.

Nationwide Anglia Staff Association established from a merger between the Nationwide Building Society Staff Association and the Anglian Building Society Staff Association. It becomes the Nationwide Group Staff Union in 1996.

1991

National Union of Tailors and Garment Workers joins the GMB.

Association of Flight Attendants (Established in the USA in 1945).

The Association of Cinematograph Television and Allied Technicians amalgamate with the Broadcasting and Entertainment Trades Alliance to form the Broadcasting, Entertainment, Cinematograph and Theatre Union.

The National Union of Hosiery and Knitwear Workers and the National Union of the Footwear, Leather and Allied Trades merge to form the National Union of Knitwear, Footwear and Apparel Trades.

The Wire Workers’ Union joins the Iron and Steel Trades Confederation.

1992

The National Graphical Association (1982) and the Society of Graphical and Allied Trades 82 merge to form the Graphical, Paper and Media Union.

The Electrical, Electronic, Telecommunications and Plumbing Union amalgamate with the Engineers to form the Amalgamated Engineering and Electrical Union.

Following the announcement that thirty-one of the remaining coal pits are to close, two massive demonstrations take place in London in support of the National Union of Miners; as a result the Government is forced to retreat.

1993

The Furniture, Timber and Allied Trades Union, which had its origins in 1747, joins the GMB.

The National Union of Public Employees, the Confederation of Health Service Employees and the National and Local Government Officers’ Association form UNISON to become the largest union in Britain.

1994

One hundred and five Chelmsford bus workers are sacked following a short legal strike and establish a free bus service on several local routes; the dispute lasts from November to June 1995.

1995

The Communication Workers’ Union is established following a merger between the Union of Communication Workers and the National Communications Union.

Sacked after supporting a strike by their colleagues, Liverpool dockers campaign for their jobs in a dispute which brings considerable international support and continues until 1998.

1996

The Inland Revenue Staff Federation and the National Union of Civil and Public Servants merge to form the Public Services, Tax and Commerce Union.

1997

The new Labour Government fulfils its promise to lift the ban on trade unions at GCHQ Cheltenham.

1998

Guinness Staff Association (established as a Staff Committee in 1965).

The British Association of Colliery Management becomes the British Association of Colliery Management - Technical, Energy and Administrative Management.

The Civil and Public Servants’ Association and the Public Services, Tax and Commerce Union amalgamate to form the Public and Commercial Services Union.

1999

Union of Royal and Sun Alliance Staff joins the Natwest Staff Association.

UNIFI established from a merger of the Banking, Insurance and Finance Union, Unifi - the former Barclays Group Staff Union (which became Unifi in 1995) and the Natwest Staff Association. This created the world’s largest finance union.

The Employment Relations Act provides a legal framework for trade unions to obtain recognition but the anti-union laws introduced by the former Conservative Government remain and a new campaign begins.

Following a short legal, one-day strike over changes to shift patterns, 270 members of the Transport and General Workers’ Union, employed at Heathrow by Skychef, are dismissed and begin a successful campaign that lasts for seventeen months.

Cabin Crew 89 joins the Amalgamated Engineering and Electrical Union.

Nielson Staff Association, Lufthansa Staff Association, Corporation of London Staff Association, United Friendly Agents’ Association, Britannic Supervisory Union, National Union of Insurance Workers join MSF.

2000

The Power Loom Carpet Weavers and Textile Workers’ Union joins the Iron and Steel Trades Confederation - The Community Union, to become its carpet section.

Northern Carpet Trades Union joins the Transport and General Workers Union.

Hambro Staff Association joins the Nationwide Group Staff Union.

British Aerospace Senior Staff Association joins Amalgamated Engineering and Electrical Union.

Lloyds Register (UK) Staff Association joins Manufacturing Science Finance.

AXIS the Sun Life Staff Association joins UNIFI.

Society of Chief Officers of Probation joins the Managerial and Professional Officers’ Union.

The National League of the Blind and Disabled joins the Iron and Steel Trades Confederation.

Scottish Prison Officers’ Association joins the Prison Officers’ Association.

The Society of Telecom Executives becomes Connect - the union for professionals in communications.

2001

The Managerial and Professional Officers joins the GMB.

Leicester Housing Association joins MSF.

Associated Metalworkers’ Union joins the Amalgamated Engineering and Electrical Union.

Prospect established from a merger of the Institution of Professionals, Managers and Specialists and the Engineers and Managers Association.

2002

AMICUS is established from a merger between MSF and the AEEU.

Union of Textile Workers joins AMICUS.

Girobank Senior Managers Association joins Alliance and Leicester Group of Staff.

WISA - the Woolwich Group Staff Union votes to merge with Unifi.

The British Boxers’ Association is launched as part of the GMB.

2003

CGNU Staff Association joins AMICUS.

Midland Area Association of Colliery Workers joins NACODS.

Scottish Further and Higher Education Association joins Educational Institute for Scotland.

Nacods (Yorkshire Area) joins NACODS.

2004

The GPMU and Unifi both join AMICUS.

ISTC and KFAT merge to form Community - The Union for Life.

National Union of Lock and Metal Workers joins the TGWU.

The Engineering and Fastener Trade Union ceased to exist.

2005

The Association of Magisterial Officers joins PCS.

The British Orthoptic Society becomes the British and Irish Orthoptic Society.

The National Association of Educational Inspectors, Advisors and Consultants (established 1918) is renamed Association of Professionals in Education and Children’s Trusts ASPECT.

2006

NATFHE and the AUT merge to form the University and College Union.

The National Union of Domestic Appliances and General Operatives joins Community.

The Ceramic and Allied Trade Union is renamed UNITY.

NUMAST changes it Nautilus UK then following a merger with European unions - Nautilus International.

1991

National Union of Tailors and Garment Workers joins the GMB.

Association of Flight Attendants (Established in the USA in 1945).

The Association of Cinematograph Television and Allied Technicians amalgamate with the Broadcasting and Entertainment Trades Alliance to form the Broadcasting, Entertainment, Cinematograph and Theatre Union.

The National Union of Hosiery and Knitwear Workers and the National Union of the Footwear, Leather and Allied Trades merge to form the National Union of Knitwear, Footwear and Apparel Trades.

The Wire Workers’ Union joins the Iron and Steel Trades Confederation.

1992

The National Graphical Association (1982) and the Society of Graphical and Allied Trades 82 merge to form the Graphical, Paper and Media Union.

The Electrical, Electronic, Telecommunications and Plumbing Union amalgamate with the Engineers to form the Amalgamated Engineering and Electrical Union.

Following the announcement that thirty-one of the remaining coal pits are to close, two massive demonstrations take place in London in support of the National Union of Miners; as a result the Government is forced to retreat.

1993

The Furniture, Timber and Allied Trades Union, which had its origins in 1747, joins the GMB.

The National Union of Public Employees, the Confederation of Health Service Employees and the National and Local Government Officers’ Association form UNISON to become the largest union in Britain.

1994

One hundred and five Chelmsford bus workers are sacked following a short legal strike and establish a free bus service on several local routes; the dispute lasts from November to June 1995.

1995

The Communication Workers’ Union is established following a merger between the Union of Communication Workers and the National Communications Union.

Sacked after supporting a strike by their colleagues, Liverpool dockers campaign for their jobs in a dispute which brings considerable international support and continues until 1998.

1996

The Inland Revenue Staff Federation and the National Union of Civil and Public Servants merge to form the Public Services, Tax and Commerce Union.

1997

The new Labour Government fulfils its promise to lift the ban on trade unions at GCHQ Cheltenham.

1998

Guinness Staff Association (established as a Staff Committee in 1965).

The British Association of Colliery Management becomes the British Association of Colliery Management - Technical, Energy and Adminstrative Management.

The Civil and Public Servants’ Association and the Public Services, Tax and Commerce Union amalgamate to form the Public and Commercial Services Union.

1999

Union of Royal and Sun Alliance Staff joins the Natwest Staff Association.

UNIFI established from a merger of the Banking, Insurance and Finance Union, Unifi - the former Barclays Group Staff Union (which became Unifi in 1995) and the Natwest Staff Association. This created the world’s largest finance union.

The Employment Relations Act provides a legal framework for trade unions to obtain recognition but the anti-union laws introduced by the former Conservative Government remain and a new campaign begins.

Following a short legal, one-day strike over changes to shift patterns, 270 members of the Transport and General Workers’ Union, employed at Heathrow by Skychef, are dismissed and begin a successful campaign that lasts for seventeen months.

Cabin Crew 89 joins the Amalgamated Engineering and Electrical Union.

Nielson Staff Association, Lufthansa Staff Association, Corporation of London Staff Association, United Friendly Agents’ Association, Britannic Supervisory Union, National Union of Insurance Workers join MSF.

2000

The Power Loom Carpet Weavers and Textile Workers’ Union joins the Iron and Steel Trades Confederation - The Community Union, to become its carpet section.

Northern Carpet Trades Union joins the Transport and General Workers Union.

Hambro Staff Association joins the Nationwide Group Staff Union.

British Aerospace Senior Staff Association joins Amalgamated Engineering and Electrical Union.

Lloyds Register (UK) Staff Association joins Manufacturing Science Finance.

AXIS the Sun Life Staff Association joins UNIFI.

Society of Chief Officers of Probation joins the Managerial and Professional Officers’ Union.

The National League of the Blind and Disabled joins the Iron and Steel Trades Confederation.

Scottish Prison Officers’ Association joins the Prison Officers’ Association.

The Society of Telecom Executives becomes Connect - the union for professionals in communications.

2001

The Managerial and Professional Officers joins the GMB.

Leicester Housing Association joins MSF.

Associated Metalworkers’ Union joins the Amalgamated Engineering and Electrical Union.

Prospect established from a merger of the Institution of Professionals, Managers and Specialists and the Engineers and Managers Association.

2002

AMICUS is established from a merger between MSF and the AEEU.

Union of Textile Workers joins AMICUS.

Girobank Senior Managers Association joins Alliance and Leicester Group of Staff.

WISA - the Woolwich Group Staff Union votes to merge with Unifi.

The British Boxers’ Association is launched as part of the GMB.

2003

CGNU Staff Association joins AMICUS.

Midland Area Association of Colliery Workers joins NACODS.

Scottish Further and Higher Education Association joins Educational Institute for Scotland.

Nacods (Yorkshire Area) joins NACODS.

2004

The GPMU and Unifi both join AMICUS.

ISTC and KFAT merge to form Community - The Union for Life.

National Union of Lock and Metal Workers joins the TGWU.

The Engineering and Fastener Trade Union ceased to exist.

2005

The Association of Magisterial Officers joins PCS.

The British Orthoptic Society becomes the British and Irish Orthoptic Society.

The National Association of Educational Inspectors, Advisors and Consultants (established 1918) is renamed Association of Professionals in Education and Children’s Trusts ASPECT.

The International Federation of Building and Wood Workers (IFBWW) and the World Federation of Building and Wood Workers (WFBW) create the Building and Wood Workers’ International - BWI.

2006

NATFHE and the AUT merge to form the University and College Union.

The National Union of Domestic Appliances and General Operatives joins Community.

The Ceramic and Allied Trade Union is renamed UNITY.

NUMAST changes its name to Nautilus UK.

Community and Youth Workers’ Union joins TGWU.

2007

The Alliance & Leicester Group of Staff joins the Communication Workers’ Union.

The Transport & General Workers’ Union and Amicus agree to merge to form Unite, the UK’s largest union to date.

After 70 years affiliation to the TUC the Sheffield Wool Shearers ten members agree to the union being dissolved. Always a small union, it never had more than 100 members.

2008

Nautilus UK and Nautilus NL form a new trans-national union, Nautilus. It is later renamed Nautilus International.

The British Union of Social Work Employees joins Community.

2009

The Cheshire Group Staff Union, the National Association of Stable Staff and the Staff Union Dunfermline Building Society join the TUC.

2010

Aegis – the Aegon UK Staff Association, joins the TUC. The Diageo Staff Association, which affiliated to the TUC in the 1990s and, in 2009, had 367 members was wound up.

UBAC, the Union for Bradford and Bingley Staff and Associated Companies, transferred its engagements to Advance. Connect merged with Prospect; the CDNA became part of the GMB. The Cheshire Group Staff Union and Derbyshire Group Staff Union merged to form One Union for Regional Staff – known as OURS. The TUC now has 57 affiliates.

2011

The union representing staff at the Derbyshire and Cheshire Building Societies merged with the Nationwide Group Staff Union on 1 September. This means that the NGSU now represents staff in all the divisions of the Nationwide Group, following the transfer of engagements of the Staff Union Dunfermline Building Society to the union at the start of this year.

2013

Staff Union West Bromwich Building Society joins the TUC.

2015

The Royal College of Midwives, established in 1881 as a British midwives organisation, has existed under its present name since 1947. It is the first royal college to join the TUC.

2017

The National Union of Teachers and the Association of Teachers and Lecturers agree to merge on 1 September as the National Education Union with a membership of over 450,000.

Artists’ Union England->] joins the TUC.
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